About this Indicator
The percentage of students in grade 8 scoring at or above proficiency on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) provides a measure of whether students enter high school with foundational skills and knowledge in such areas as math, reading, and science. Family income in this indicator was determined by whether students were qualified for free- or reduced-price lunch (FRPL) in the National School Lunch Program. FRPL students were classified as low income, and non-FRPL students were classified as higher income. Family income at or below 130 percent of the federal poverty level qualifies students for free lunch, and family income between 130 and 185 percent of the federal poverty level qualifies students for reduced-price lunch.1
National Center for Education Statistics. National assessment of educational progress.
Note. State-level estimates for NAEP Science are available only for 2009, 2011, and 2015.
1 USDA. (2019). National school lunch program. Retrieved from https://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/food-nutrition-assistance/child-nutrition-programs/national-school-lunch-program/